Publicat de: leonard oprea | 25 Septembrie 2010

leonard oprea: THE PARADIGM of FREEDOM – The WAY and The LIFE and The TRUTH


 

leonard oprea

THE PARADIGM of FREEDOM – The WAY and The LIFE and The TRUTH

Dear Reader,

Two of the most known antique faiths and religious ideas, but still alive, vigorous, maybe even stronger as the time passes by, extremely active, constantly and intensely preoccupied by the individual salvation and I name in the historical order of their apparition: the Judaism and Buddhism are in the end two ways of searching practical solutions for the liberation from the existence’s ordeal/human sufferance.

The vital necessity of finding those liberating from the human pain solutions are either eschatological motivated (Judaism) or the reaching of Nirvana/”the thirst extinguish”, Mircea Eliade (Buddhism).

Consequently we have two fundamental enunciations:

Judaism:

“First Commandment”: “Here, O Israel: the Lord our God is one Lord!

And you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul and with all your might.”(Old Testament, Deuteronomy 6/4-5) (but in the New Testament too: Matthew 22/37-39, Mark 12/ 29-31, Luke 10/27, John 17/3).

“Second Commandment”: “You shall love your neighbor like yourself!”

(Old Testament: Leviticus 19/18) (but in the New Testament too: Matthew 22/37-39, Mark 12/29-31, Luke 10/27)

The two Commandments/fundamental truth/ of the Judaism are completed by the well-known Old Testament Decalogue (the 10 Commandments reveled to Moses by God on the Sinai Mount /Exodus 20/2-17 and Deuteronomy 5/6-21) spiritual, moral and social code, which is nothing else but the fulfillment of the first two Commandments. In other words, in Judaism, the two Commandments and the ten from the mount Sinai define/create a way of sufferance liberation characteristic of the Judaism.

Buddhism:

“The Four Noble Truths”:

the sufferance existence;

the sufferance origin (the causes) – ignorance, wish and existence;

the liberation from sufferance (Nirvana)

the mid Way or The Eight arms Way.

Of course that follow the Eight Rules of the Way; like in the Ten Commandments case they are rules for the everyday existence:

1. a correct point a view or a correct/true opinion and 2. correct thinking, these two constituting the wisdom; then 3. correct speaking – one must not lie, defame, slander or sweater., 4.correct activity – one must not cheat, steal, commit adultery or kill etc., 5. correct means of living – one must not practice damaging professions to other people; these last three (3,4 and 5) being ethical behavior; and the last three: 6. effort, 7. attention and 8. correct concentration, form together – the mental discipline/Samadhi (through ascetic Yoga exercises).

So, coming from the Four Noble Truths (Buddhist) and from the Eight Rules, the Buddhism formulate, as precisely as the 10 Commandments from Judaism, the practical way of fulfillment of the Four Noble Truths, and a special way for liberation from sufferance.

                                                                      *********

Both religions have 12 (twelve) steps to the liberation from sufferance.

Even if apparently they do not seem to be alike, at an attentive analyze one can observe that, in fact, being born by the individual salvation idea as a dissolving/blending into One and Only God, in “I Am That I Am” (Old testament, Exodus 3/14) and conform to the Vedas and Upanishads, Brahman – the one with/in the blending takes place through Nirvana – the absolute Being, the Cosmic Nothingness, the One impossible to know but through the passing of the 12 steps, the Judaic and Brahmanism ways are identically in their essence.

But, by making this observation it does not mean not to recognize that the two religions have a distinct and extraordinary value:

through the huge and fascinating spiritual force; and also through their high moral standing and ethical conduct; in the same time through the set of practical solutions extremely benefic for the individual health, both spiritual and physical; through the immense amount of knowledge offered to the humanity; and finally through the real power of practicing and realizing the liberation from sufferance, in a real way.

I, for myself, I admire and sincerely respect and continuously learn from their lessons, without being the adept of neither of them.

But, both of these ways (religions), starting with the Judaic commandments or the Brahman truths, continuing and ending with the real practical steps, unfortunately, represent for the modern man, from the beginning of the third millennium, only stories, good to be known only by:

curiosity, snobbism, professional interest; or because one or another is an institutionalized/national religion; or from an impulse that contains all of these or, finally, because they represent ethnic- (religious) traditions respected/fulfilled on different festive, familiar or national occasions.

But at an immediate and worldly understanding level Judaism and Brahmanism are no more receipted as  possible religious credos, acceptable without any doubt; attractive in such a measure to be daily performed as an individual viable solution (profitable – in nowadays language) for the liberation from sufferance. Or, in other words to be practiced as an individual salvation in a world which evidently tends to collective salvations, due to the social homogenization created through the accessibility of the technologies and the technological products.

I do nor speak about rabbis and pious Jews, about Hafiz or about the Buddhist monks. Even if they are some hundred of thousands, but between billion of others they represent the exception that confirms, unfortunately, the rule.

And the rule of the people uninterested of these faiths/religions is but one, simple and rough:” I do not have time for anything like that.”

And of course these ways of the liberation from sufferance need that generous and steady time for individual reflection, an act which do not find its place anymore, the common fellow barely breathing, continuously crashed between the computerized subsistence time ant the technological leisure one, both of them giving to his individual time only one dimension: the money. The comments are of no use.

                                                                   *********

The Christianity do not deny, in any way, the solutions proposed by the Judaism and Brahmanism.

Because they are implicitly contained in God’s life, words and thoughts.

It might be interesting to demonstrate the last affirmation but as this book follows another ways I can only propose you to read the Evangels. They are short texts, extremely readable. Then find some specialized dictionaries or search the Internet and study some things about The Old Testament as well as about Buddha’s life and thoughts.

They will be pleasant lectures, even passionate (I guarantee you that!) and you will see for yourself that I am right, not needing some other elaborated arguments.

Nevertheless unlike the Judaism and Brahmanism, the Christianity proposes the liberation from this world’s sufferance having only this:

one and only fundamental enouncement:

  • Jesus Christ

and a practical way with only one step:

  • the Way of Lord Jesus Christ, the Gospel.

What does it mean?

Something simple and humanely possible, in essence (with no special premises) starting with the lecture, continuing with the understanding, and then practicing/living the Evangels.

To try to love Jesus Christ at least as much as you love yourself.

The rest just comes.

                                                                  *********

Indeed it may seem easier to liberate from the sufferance by becoming a Christian, than it would happen if you become an adept of the Judaism or Brahmanism.

“Yes, but I would have to bear the burden of all those commandments, truth and impossible to respect rules… Wouldn’t I? replies the man in front of the computer.

It is true that in this modern world, of this beginning of millennium, the Christianity is the major, dominant religion: as a crossroad of the civilizations.

If not necessarily in number of the adepts, then for sure in from an economical, military, political and cultural point of view.

Does it mean that there are hundred of millions of people who already are on the way of the liberation from the sufferance, not counting the saints who live among us like God’s angels?

It wouldn’t be that bad at all…, if it would not exist the question, that cannot be avoided:

how many among us are true Christians?

How many are there that accept the Christianity as the simpler, more commode and libertine religion and, (…let’s get real) the most economical efficient one, the most efficient in pace time or war time and so on…?

And so, having no real problems in the strict and difficult respect of the commandments, truths, rules and orders, to be Christian meaning, practically and automatically, the equivalent of being saved (with a minimal personal effort); liberate from this world’s sufferance.

You are Christian you have been saved 2000 years ago. Period.

I will not continue because I do not want to carry out the institutionalized Christianity’s criticism, I mean the Church’s.

Presented in this way, the Christianity may seem a simple solution for the individual salvation.

It has only one fundamental enounce and a practical way with only a step.

The only problem appears when you want to fulfill the path:

to try to love Jesus Christ at least how much you love yourself, means to be capable at least of this: to ask everyday, at least once, as had have The Saint Disciple Thomas (John 14/5-6):

Lord, we do not know where we are you going, how can we know the path?

I am the Way and the Truth and the Life; nobody comes to Father but through Me” will be Jesus’ answer for you.

Like this, slowly, slowly, with much patience, on your cross’ Way, in Faith, you will embrace and live the understanding of the fact that in the last 2000 years Lord Jesus Christ dies on the cross and perpetually resurrects, with the inextinguishable hope that you or I, we will finally understand:

the liberation from the sufferance’ ordeal of this world can stand only in the power of being happy giving happiness to all around you.

 “… heavy fog on the river…/

… the ghosts of the dead are there…/

… the dance of the boats…”

*** 

PARADIGMA LIBERTATII – CALEA si ADEVARUL si VIATA

Draga Cititorule,

tu cel framinatat si obosit nu o data de si in acest prezent continuu si atit de nebulos, vreau sa iti reamintesc cuvintele lui Andre Malraux: “Secolul 21 va fi religios sau nu va fi deloc”. Astfel, mutatis mutandis, eu zic asa: Mileniul III va fi religios sau nu va fi deloc. Si tocmai de aceea, iti cer ingaduinta sa ma asculti cu putina rabdare si atentie, caci sint si eu ca si tine, un om care isi cauta alinarea si salvarea in lumea ce ne impresoara si ne patrunde zilnic cu toate ale ei, uneori mai multe rele decit cele bune. Iata deci:

Dintre cele mai cunoscute credinte si idei religioase antice, dar vii, viguroase, parca revigorate de trecerea timpului,  si extrem de active si azi, preocupate constant si intens de problema salvarii individuale, iudaismul si budismul ( le numesc in ordinea aparitiei istorice ) sint religii care pina la urma, ambele cauta solutii practice pentru eliberarea de chinurile existentei/suferintei umane. Necesitatea vitala a gasirii acestor solutii eliberatoare de durerea existentei este motivata fie escatologic (iudaism), fie de posibilitatea atingerii Nirvanei /// ”stingerea setei ”, Mircea Eliade/// (budism).  Prin urmare, avem formulate urmatoarele enunturi capitale:

  • Iudaism :

–          Primul Comandament : Asculta, Israele! Domnul Dumnezeul nostru,

 Domnul este Unul singur! Sa iubesti pe Domnul Dumnezeul tau cu toata inima ta, cu tot sufletul tau, cu toata gindirea ta si cu toata puterea ta! ”

(Vechiul Testament : Deuteronom 6/ 4-5 ) (dar si in Noul Testament : Matei 22/37-39 , Marcu 12/ 29-31, Luca 10/27, Ioan 17/3)

–          Al doilea Comandament  : “Sa iubesti pe aproapele tau ca pe tine insuti!”

(Vechiul Testament: Leviticul 19/18) (dar si in Noul Testament : Matei 22/37-39, Marcu 12/29-31, Luca 10/27)

Cele doua Comandamente /adevaruri fundamentale/ ale iudaismului sint completate prin adaugarea la/pentru ele a binecunoscutului Decalog al Vechiului Testament ( Cele 10 Porunci revelate lui Moise de Dumnezeu pe muntele Sinai / Exod 20/2-17 si Deuteronom 5/6-21),  cod spiritual, moral si social care, nu e altceva decit calea practica de implinire a celor doua Comandamente. Cu alte cuvinte, in iudaism, Cele 2 Comandamente plus Cele 10 Porunci definesc/alcatuiesc o cale a eliberarii de suferinta proprie iudaismului.

  • Budism  – Cele Patru Adevaruri Nobile : 1) Existenta suferintei . 2) Originea

(cauzele) suferintei (ignoranta, dorinta si existenta) . 3) Eliberarea de suferinta

(Nirvana) . 4) Calea de mijloc sau Calea cu opt brate .

Desigur, urmeaza Cele 8 Reguli ale caii; practic, ca si in cazul Celor 10 Porunci, reguli de existenta zilnica : 1) punct de vedere corect sau opinie corecta/adevarata si 2) gindire corecta, acestea doua( 1si 2) constituind – intelepciunea ; apoi,  3) vorbirea corecta – sa nu minti, sa nu  defaimezi, sa nu calomniezi, sa nu injuri etc., 4) activitate corecta – sa nu inseli, sa nu furi, sa nu comiti adulter, sa nu ucizi etc.  5) mijloace de existenta corecta – sa nu practici profesiuni daunatoare altora, acestea trei ( 3, 4 si 5 ) fiind – conduita etica;  iar ultimele trei: 6) efort, 7) atentie si  8) concentrare corecte, alcatuiesc – disciplina mentala / Samadhi /( prin exercitii ascetice de tip Yoga).

Asadar, decurgind din Cele 4 Adevarurile Nobile (budiste), si adaugat lor, acest cod al Celor 8 Reguli formuleaza in budism, la fel de precis precum Cele 10 Porunci  in iudaism, calea practica de implinire a Celor 4 Adevaruri Nobile ale budismului. Iar impreuna cu aceste adevaruri – o cale proprie budismului pentru eliberarea de suferinta.

                                                                      *********

In ambele religii avem deci 12(douasprezece) trepte ale eliberarii de suferinta.Chiar daca formal cele doua seturi de trepte par a nu semana deloc, la o analiza mai atenta se va observa ca de fapt,  fiind nascute de ideea de salvare individuala ca si contopire / dizolvare intru Dumnezeu Unul Singur, adica intru “Eu sint Cel care este ” (Vechiul Testament, Exodul III/14), iar Brahman – cel in/cu care se produce contopirea prin Nirvana – este Fiinta absoluta, Absolutul cosmic… (conform Vedelor si Upanisadelor, cartile sacre ale Indiei, si Buddha nu le-a omis nicicind),  adica unirea cu si  intru Cel imposibil de cunoscut altfel decit prin parcurgerea integrala a celor 12 trepte , setul iudaic si setul indian sint identice in esenta lor. Insa, aceasta observatie nu inseamna absolut deloc o ne-recunoastere a valorii distincte si extraordinare a iudaismului, precum si a budismului: prin gigantica, fascinanta lor forta spirituala; dar si prin inalta lor tinuta morala si conduita etica; totodata si prin ansamblul de solutii practice extrem de benefice  sanatatii individuale, fizica si psihica; si prin imensa bogatie a cunoasterii oferita omenirii; in sfirsit, dar nu si in ultimul rind, prin puterea reala de a practica si realiza in mod propriu eliberarea de suferinta.  Dimpotriva, eu unul le admir, le respect sincer si invat continuu din lectia lor, fara a fi insa adeptul acestor religii.  Iata totusi ca, fiecare dintre aceste doua cai (religii), incepind cu comandamentele iudaice sau adevarurile budiste, continuind si sfirsind cu treptele practicii propriu-zise, prezentate ori succint, ori cu lux de amanunte, se va infatisa omului modern acum la inceput de mileniu III – din nefericire – doar ca o poveste buna de cunoscut cam asa :  fie din curiozitate , fie din snobism, fie din interes profesional ; fie ca una ori alta sint religii institutionalizate/nationale; fie dintr-un impuls care contine cite ceva din toate acestea sau, finalmente, fie pentru ca reprezinta traditii  (etnico-)religioase respectate /implinite cu diverse ocazii festive, familiale sau nationale.  Dar in nici un caz, la nivelul intelegerii imediate si mundane, iudaismul sau budismul nu sint receptate ca fiind un crez religios posibil de acceptat fara rezerve; ori atractiv in asemenea masura pentru a fi insusit si practicat zilnic ca solutie individuala viabila (profitabila – in limbajul de astazi) in scopul eliberarii de suferinta; sau, altfel spus, de practicat ca salvare individuala intr-o lume ce tinde evident spre salvari de tip colectiv datorita uniformizarilor sociale create prin accesibilitatea variilor tehnologii si a produselor generate de ele, dominante global. Nu vorbesc despre rabini si evrei evlaviosi, despre hasizi sau despre calugarii budisti. Desi ei sint cu siguranta sute de mii si milioane, din punctul meu de vedere, intre miliarde alti semeni, ei nu reprezinta decit exceptiile care confirma regula. Iar regula celui neinteresat de credinta/religia lor este doar una, cit se poate de simpla si de dura : “ N-am timp pentru asa ceva! ”  Si, intr-adevar, aceste cai ale eliberarii de suferinta cer acel timp statornic si generos al reflexiei individuale, act care nu prea mai  are loc, individul comun abia respirind, strivit continuu astazi intre timpul subzistentei  computerizate si timpul  relaxarii tehnologizate, amindoua dind timpului individual o singura dimensiune : money, money,money . Comentariile sint de prisos.

                                                         *********

Crestinismul nu neaga nicidecum solutiile propuse de iudaism si budism.

N-are cum : fiindca viata, cuvintul si  invatatura lui Christos Iisus le contin implicit.

Bine ar fi sa demonstrez afirmatia anterioara, dar cum nu aceasta urmaresc  acum, va propun sa cititi atent Evangheliile. Sint texte scurte si extrem de lizibile. Apoi, cautati citeva dictionare specializate sau folositi Internetul si studiati cite ceva despre Vechiul Testament, precum si despre viata si invatatura lui Buddha. Vor fi lecturi placute, chiar pasionante (va garantez asta!) si veti constata si singuri ca am dreptate fara sa mai aveti nevoie de argumente sofisticat elaborate.Totusi, spre deosebire de iudaism si budism, crestinismul propune eliberarea de chinurile suferintei in aceasta lume, avind doar atit : un singur enunt fundamental:

  • Iisus Christos

si o cale practica cu o singura treapta :

  • calea Domnului Dumnezeu Iisus Christos, adica Evanghelia.

Ce inseamna asta? In esenta, ceva simplu si omeneste posibil, pornind cu lectura, continuind cu intelegera, apoi practica/trairea Evangheliei – adica,

sa incerci a-L iubi pe Iisus Christos cel putin cit te iubesti pe tine insuti.

Restul vine de la sine.

                                                                  *********

Intr-adevar, pare mult mai usor sa te eliberezi de suferinta devenind crestin, decit ai putea sa faci asta devenind adept al iudaismului sau al budismului. 

“Da, dar nu trebuie sa suport povara tuturor acelor comandamente, adevaruri si reguli imposibil de respectat… Nu-i asa? “  va replica omul din fata computerului.

Si, intr-adevar, in lumea actuala, la inceput de mileniu III, crestinismul este religia majora, dominanta : ca raspindire si ca civilizatie. Daca nu neaparat ca numar al adeptilor (dar este in continua expansiune), atunci neindoilenic dominanta si economic si militar si  politic si  cultural.

Sa insemne asta oare ca avem de a face cu sute de milioane de oameni care se

afla deja pe drumul eliberarii de suferinta, fara a mai socoti puzderia de preafericiti

oameni ai Bisericii, traind printre noi ca ingerii Domnului…?

N-ar fi rau deloc…, daca n-ar exista intrebarea ce nu poate fi evitata nicicum :

dar citi dintre noi sintem crestini adevarati?

Citi dintre noi nu accepta crestinismul decit pentru ca este cea mai simpla,

cea mai comoda si libertina religie si, (… sa fim realisti, nu?) cea mai eficienta economic, cea mai eficienta in vreme de pace si razboi si asa mai departe… ? 

Si astfel, fara nici un fel de probleme legate de respectarea stricta si impovaratoare a comandamentelor, adevarurilor, poruncilor si regulilor, cu minimum de efort personal a fi crestin echivaleaza practic si automat cu, a fi salvat…; eliberat de suferinta in lumea asta. Esti crestin, esti mintuit inca de acum 2000 de ani. Punct.

Nu mai continui, caci nu mi-am propus sa fac critica crestinismului institutionalizat, adica a Bisericii.

Da, asa precum mai sus e prezentat, pentru salvarea individuala crestinismul pare a fi o solutie simpla si la indemina oricui. 

Nu pare, chiar este asa. Nu are decit un enunt fundamental si o cale practica doar cu o treapta, asa cum am aratat mai inainte.

Atit doar ca, vrind sa implinesti acel indemn mai sus citat, deci : sa incerci

a-L iubi pe Iisus Christos cel putin cit te iubesti pe tine insuti, inseamna a fi in stare de cel putin atit :  sa intrebi zilnic, macar o data pe zi, cum a intrebat Sfintul Apostol Toma (Ioan 14 / 5-6) :

Doamne, nu stim unde Te duci ; cum putem sti calea?

Eu sint Calea si Adevarul si Viata ; nimeni nu vine la Tatal decit prin Mine” ,

 iti va raspunde Domnul Iisus Christos.

 Doar asa, incet, incet, cu rabdare, pe calea crucii tale, cu Credinta vei cuprinde si trai intelegerea faptului ca de 2000 de ani Domnul Iisus Christos moare pe cruce si invie perpetuu,  cu speranta nestinsa ca tu sau eu vom pricepe odata si o… data ca:   

eliberarea din chinurile suferintei in aceasta lume, nu poate fi decit puterea de a fi fericit  daruind fericire celor din jurul tau.

 “… ceata grea pe riu…/

… duhurile  mortilor…/

… dansul barcilor…”

***

(from „Theophil Magus – Living in America” // Copyright © 2010 by Leonard Oprea. All rights reserved. Leonard Oprea created the Breathing, an original type of essay in Romanian and world literature.The Breathing is a short, simple yet profound meditation on human condition, a meditation ended by a haiku. But – this haiku does not finish the meditation. In fact, it re-opens this reflection to new questions and responses on human destiny. There are 100 Breathings in Leonard Oprea’s work „Theophil Magus – Confessions 2004 – 2006”, ed. „Universal Dalsi”, 2007, Romania)

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